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From C. V. Raman to Salim Ali, the talents of Indian scientists and inventors have been fully established in many different areas, including physics, medicine, mathematics, chemistry and biology. Some of them have also contributed in a substantial way to advanced scientific research in many different regions of the world.
This article will discuss the famous Indian scientists and inventors throughout history and their wonderful contributions.
Prafulla Chandra Ray
Famous academician and chemist, known for being the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, India’s first pharmaceutical company.
Naturalist who helped develop Ornithology; also known as the “birdman of India”.
Mathematician known for his brilliant contributions to contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
C. V. Raman
Physicist who won Nobel Prize in 1930 for his Raman Effect.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Theoretical physicist; best known as the chief architect of the Indian atomic energy program.
Jagadish Chandra Bose
Physicist, biologist and archaeologist who pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics.
Satyendra Nath Bose
Mathematician and physicist; best known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in formulating a theory related to the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Known for his crucial role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs.
Har Gobind Khorana
Biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in 1968 for demonstrating how the nucleotides in nucleic acids control the synthesis of proteins.
Mathematician; famous for his outstanding contributions to algebraic geometry.
Astrophysicist who developed the Saha equation, which explains chemical and physical conditions in stars.
Meghnad Saha FRS was an Indian astrophysicist best known for his development of the Saha equation, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars.
Astrophysicist won the Nobel Prize in 1983 for his research on the evolutionary stages of massive stars.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS, was an Indian American astrophysicist born in Lahore, Punjab. Chandrasekhar was awarded, along with William A. Fowler, the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics.
A.M. Turing Award-winning computer scientist, best known for his work related to large scale artificial intelligence systems.
Birbal Sahni FRS was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent, was also a geologist who took an interest in archaeology. He founded the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany in Lucknow, India.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Statistician and physicist who founded the Indian Statistical Institute.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis FRS was an Indian scientist and applied statistician. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure. He made pioneering studies in anthropometry in India.